The Fraunhofer Institute for Production Systems and Design Technology
Pascalstraße  8-9
10587  Berlin
Phone: +49 30 39006-0
Fax: +49 30 39110-37

is a legally non-independent institution of the

Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der angewandten Forschung e.V.
Hansastraße 27 c
80686  Munich
Phone: +49 89 1205-0
Fax: +49 89 1205-7531

Sales tax identification number
according to § 27 a sales tax law: DE 129515865

Amtsgericht München
Eingetragener Verein
Register-Nr. VR 4461

Responsible editor

Markus Will (Fraunhofer IPK)
Fraunhofer-Institut für Produktionsanlagen und Konstruktionstechnik
Pascalstraße 8-9
10587 Berlin
Telefon: +49 30 39006-171

Note: For general questions about the institute, please contact the appropriate contact person.


  • Prof. Dr.-Ing. Reimund Neugebauer, President, Corporate Policy and Research, Technology Marketing and Business Models
  • Prof. Dr. Alexander Kurz, Personnel, Law and Exploitation
  • Dipl.-Kfm. Andreas Meuer, Controlling and Digital Business Processes

rights of use

Copyright © byFraunhofer-Gesellschaft

All rights reserved.
All copyrights for this website are owned in full by the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft.

A download or printout of these publications is only permitted for personal use. All other uses, in particular commercial use and distribution, are strictly prohibited and require written permission. Please direct inquiries to the following address:

Fraunhofer-Institut für Produktionsanlagen und Konstruktionstechnik
Dr.-Ing. Markus Will
Pascalstraße 8-9
10587 Berlin
Telefon: +49 30 39006-0
Fax: +49 30 39110-37

Furthermore, downloading or printing is only permitted for the purpose of reporting on the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft and its institutes in accordance with the following terms of use:

Graphic changes to picture motifs are not permitted – except to release the main motif. It is always necessary to indicate the source and send two free specimen copies to the above address. The use is free of charge.

liability notice

We assume no liability for the content of external links. The operators of the linked pages are solely responsible for their content.

We make every effort to ensure that the material contained in its web site is current, complete and correct. Nevertheless, the occurrence of errors cannot be completely ruled out. The Fraunhofer Institute or the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft accepts no liability for the topicality, accuracy or completeness of the information and material offered in its web site unless the mistake occurred intentionally or through gross negligence. This refers to any material or immaterial damage suffered by third parties as a result of the use of this website.

Protected brands and names, pictures and texts are generally not marked as such on our pages. The absence of such a marking does not mean, however, that it is a free name, a free picture or a free text in the sense of trademark law.

Privacy Statement

In the context of the use of this website, personal data will be processed and stored by us as the data controller for the duration necessary for the fulfilment of the specified purposes and legal obligations. In the following we will inform you about the data concerned, how they are processed and what rights you have in this respect.

According to Art. 4 No. 1 of the Basic Data Protection Regulation (DSGVO), personal data is all information relating to an identified or identifiable natural person.

  1. the name and contact details of the data controller and of the company data protection officer

This data protection information applies to the data processing on our website by the person responsible:

zur Förderung der angewandten Forschung e.V.
Hansastraße 27 c,
80686 München
for their

Fraunhofer-Institut für Produktionsanlagen und Konstruktionstechnik
Pascalstraße 8-9
10587 Berlin
Telefon: +49 30 39006-0
Fax: +49 30 39110-37

(hereinafter referred to as the “Fraunhofer Institute”)

The Fraunhofer data protection officer can be reached at the above address, at the address of the data protection officer or at You can contact our data protection officer directly at any time if you have any questions about data protection law or your rights to be affected.

  1. processing of personal data and purposes of processing when visiting the website

When you visit our websites, the web servers of our website temporarily store each access of your terminal device in a log file. The following data will be collected and stored until automated deletion:

  • IP address of the requesting computer
  • Date and time of access
  • Name and URL of the retrieved data
  • Transferred amount of data
  • Message as to whether the call was successful
  • Browser and operating system used
  • Name of the Internet access provider
  • Web page from which access is made (referrer URL)

These data are processed for the following purposes

  1. Enabling the use of the website (connection setup)
  2. Administration of the network infrastructure
  3. Appropriate technical and organizational measures for IT system and information security, taking into account the state of the art.
  4. Ensuring user-friendliness of use
  5. Optimization of the Internet offer

The legal bases for the above processing operations are as follows

  • for the processing for the visit of the web pages according to the numbers 1-2 Art. 6 Para. 1 S.1 lit. b (necessary for the fulfilment of the web page usage contract relationship),
  • for processing operations pursuant to No. 3 Art. 6 Para. 1 S.1 lit. c DSGVO (legal obligation to implement technical and organisational measures to safeguard data processing pursuant to Art. 32 DSGVO) and Art. 6 Para. 1 S.1 lit. f DSGVO (legitimate interests in data processing for network and information security) as well as for processing operations pursuant to No. 3 Art. 6 Para. 1 S.1 lit. c DSGVO (legal obligation to implement technical and organisational measures to safeguard data processing pursuant to Art. 32 DSGVO).
  • processing operations pursuant to paragraphs 4-5 of Art. 6 (1) sentence 1 lit. f DSGVO (legitimate interests). The legitimate interests of our data processing consist in designing and optimising our offer in a user-friendly manner.

The above data will be deleted from the web server after a defined period of 90 days. If data is processed for longer periods for the purposes set out in paragraphs 2-5, it shall be anonymised or deleted if storage is no longer necessary for the purpose in question.

  1. disclosure of personal data

Except in the aforementioned cases of processing on behalf of a third party, we only disclose your personal data to third parties, i.e. other natural or legal persons other than you (the data subject), the data controller or the processor and their employees authorized to process the data, if:

  • you have given your express consent to this pursuant to Art. 6 para. 1 sentence 1 lit. a DSGVO;
  • this is necessary pursuant to Art. 6 para. 1 sentence 1 lit. b DSGVO for the performance of a contract with you,
  • in the event that there is a legal obligation to pass on the information pursuant to Art. 6 (1) sentence 1 lit. c DSGVO, e.g. to financial or prosecution authorities;
  • the disclosure is required pursuant to Art. 6 para. 1 sentence 1 lit. f DSGVO to assert, exercise or defend legal claims and there is no reason to assume that you have an overriding legitimate interest in not disclosing your data; such disclosure may take place, for example, in the event of attacks on our IT systems to state institutions and law enforcement authorities.

The data disclosed may be used by the third party exclusively for the aforementioned purposes.

If you have registered for an event, it may be necessary for your personal data to be transferred to an external organiser in order to fulfil the contract. When you register for a business event, the system informs you who the organizer is and whether it is an external organizer. The latter will process personal data within the framework of the event and in particular for participant administration purposes.

Otherwise, our websites are hosted exclusively on servers in Germany in accordance with Art. 28 DSGVO.

A transfer of personal data to a third country (outside the EU) or an international organisation is excluded.

  1. rights of data subjects

You have the right:

  • in accordance with Art. 7 para. 3 DSGVO to revoke your consent once given to us at any time. The consequence of this is that we may no longer continue the data processing based on this consent in the future;
  • to request information about your personal data processed by us in accordance with Art. 15 DSGVO. In particular, you may request information about the purposes of the processing, the category of personal data, the categories of recipients to whom your data has been or will be disclosed, the planned storage period, the existence of a right of rectification, deletion, limitation of processing or opposition, the existence of a right of appeal, the origin of your data if it has not been collected from us, as well as the existence of an automated decision making process including profiling and, if applicable, meaningful information on its details;
  • in accordance with Art. 16 DSGVO to immediately request the correction of incorrect or incomplete personal data stored by us;
  • to demand the deletion of your personal data stored by us in accordance with Art. 17 DSGVO, unless processing is necessary for exercising the right to freedom of expression and information, for fulfilling a legal obligation, for reasons of public interest or for asserting, exercising or defending legal claims;
  • to demand the restriction of the processing of your personal data in accordance with Art. 18 DSGVO if the accuracy of the data is disputed by you, the processing is unlawful but you refuse its deletion and we no longer need the data, but you need it to assert, exercise or defend legal claims or you have objected to the processing in accordance with Art. 21 DSGVO;
  • in accordance with Art. 20 DSGVO, to receive your personal data which you have provided to us in a structured, common and machine-readable format or to request the transfer to another responsible person, and
  • to complain to a supervisory authority pursuant to Art. 77 DSGVO. As a rule, you can contact the supervisory authority at your usual place of residence or workplace or at our company headquarters.

Information about your right of objection according to art. 21 DSGVO

You have the right to object at any time, for reasons related to your particular situation, to the processing of your personal data under Article 6(1)(e) of the Data Protection Regulation (data processing in the public interest) and Article 6(1)(f) of the Data Protection Regulation (data processing on the basis of a balancing of interests), including the profiling of Article 4(4) of the Data Protection Regulation on the basis of that provision.

If you file an objection, we will no longer process your personal data unless we can prove compelling reasons for the processing worthy of protection which outweigh your interests, rights and freedoms, or the processing serves the assertion, exercise or defence of legal claims.

If your objection is against the processing of data for the purpose of direct marketing, we will cease processing immediately. In this case, it is not necessary to indicate a particular situation. This also applies to profiling in so far as it is related to such direct marketing.

If you wish to exercise your right of objection, simply send an e-mail to markus.will[at]

  1. data security

We also use suitable technical and organisational security measures to protect your data against accidental or intentional manipulation, partial or complete loss, destruction or against unauthorised access by third parties. Our security measures are continuously improved in line with technological developments.

  1. up-to-dateness and modification of this data protection information

This data protection information is currently valid and as of August 2019.

Due to the further development of our website and offers about it or due to changed legal or official requirements, it may be necessary to change this data protection information. You can call up and print out the current data protection information at any time on the website at

  1. severability clause

Should individual provisions of this data protection declaration be or become invalid or unenforceable in whole or in part, this shall not affect the validity of the remaining provisions. The same applies in the case of gaps.


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You can set your browser so that you are informed about the setting of cookies and only allow cookies in individual cases, exclude the acceptance of cookies for certain cases or generally and activate the automatic deletion of cookies when closing the browser. When cookies are deactivated, the functionality of this website may be limited.

server log files
The provider of the pages automatically collects and stores information in so called server log files, which your browser automatically transmits to us. These are:

  • Browser type and browser version
  • operating system used
  • referrer URL
  • Host name of the accessing computer
  • Time of the server request

These data cannot be assigned to specific persons. These data are not combined with other data sources. We reserve the right to check these data subsequently if we become aware of concrete indications of an illegal use.

Google Analytics
This website uses functions of the web analysis service Google Analytics. The provider is Google Inc, 1600 Amphitheatre Parkway Mountain View, CA 94043, USA.
Google Analytics uses so-called “cookies”. These are text files that are stored on your computer and enable an analysis of your use of the website. The information generated by the cookie about your use of this website is usually transferred to a Google server in the USA and stored there.

IP anonymization
We have activated the IP anonymisation function on this website. This will cause your IP address to be cut by Google within Member States of the European Union or in other countries party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area before being transmitted to the USA. Only in exceptional cases will the full IP address be transmitted to a Google server in the USA and shortened there. On behalf of the operator of this website, Google will use this information to evaluate your use of the website, to compile reports on website activity and to provide the website operator with other services relating to website and Internet use. The IP address transmitted by your browser as part of Google Analytics will not be merged with other Google data.

Browser plugin
You may refuse the use of cookies by selecting the appropriate settings on your browser, however please note that if you do this you may not be able to use the full functionality of this website. You can also prevent Google from collecting the data generated by the cookie and relating to your use of the website (including your IP address) and from processing this data by Google by downloading and installing the browser plug-in available under the following link:

Objection to data collection
You can prevent Google Analytics from collecting your data by clicking on the following link. An opt-out cookie is set which prevents the collection of your data on future visits to this website: Disable Google Analytics
More information on how Google Analytics handles user data can be found in Google’s privacy policy:

Demographic features on Google Analytics
This website uses the “demographic features” function of Google Analytics. This allows reports to be created that contain information on the age, gender and interests of site visitors.
This data comes from interest-related advertising by Google and from visitor data from third-party providers. This data cannot be assigned to a specific person. You can disable this feature at any time from your Google Account ad preferences or opt-out of Google Analytics collecting your information as described in the “Opt-out of data collection” section.

Our website uses the analysis service etracker. The provider is etracker GmbH, Erste Brunnenstraße 1, 20459 Hamburg Germany. The data can be used to create user profiles under a pseudonym. Cookies may be used for this purpose. Cookies are small text files that are stored locally in the cache of your Internet browser. The cookies make it possible to recognize your browser again. The data collected with etracker technologies will not be used to personally identify visitors to our website without the separately given consent of the person concerned and will not be combined with personal data about the bearer of the pseudonym.
You can object to the collection and storage of data at any time with effect for the future.
To prevent your visitor data from being collected and stored in the future, you can obtain an opt-out cookie from etracker via the following link. This will ensure that no visitor data from your browser will be collected and stored by etracker in future:
This sets an opt-out cookie called “cntcookie” from etracker. Please do not delete this cookie as long as you wish to maintain your objection. Further information can be found in the etracker data protection regulations:

Our website uses plugins from Google’s YouTube site. This website is operated by YouTube, LLC, 901 Cherry Ave, San Bruno, CA 94066, USA. If you visit one of our pages equipped with a YouTube plugin, a connection to the YouTube servers is established. The Youtube server will be informed which of our pages you have visited.

If you are logged into your YouTube account, you allow YouTube to associate your surfing behavior directly with your personal profile. You can prevent this by logging out of your YouTube account. Further information on how user data is handled can be found in YouTube’s privacy policy at:

SSL encoding
This site uses SSL encryption for security reasons and to protect the transmission of confidential content, such as requests you send to us as a site operator. You can recognize an encrypted connection by the fact that the address line of the browser changes from “http://” to “https://” and by the lock symbol in your browser line.
If SSL encryption is activated, the data you transmit to us cannot be read by third parties.